Kathmandu, May 24 . Discrimination based on ethnicity, religion, gender, economic situation and disability remained widespread in 2011 in Nepal and elsewhere, said a report made public by the Amnesty International on Thursday.
Releasing the report entitled, “Amnesty International Report 2012: The State of the World’s Human Rights,” the Amnesty International, Nepal, informed that despite the implementation of caste-based Discrimination and Untouchability (Offence and Punishment) Act, Dalits continued to face social and economical exclusion.
The report stated that the gender discrimination continued particularly among the women from marginalized caste and ethnic groups. While the police often refused to register complaints on domestic and gender-based violence, added the report.
The girls from the dalit and poor family of rural areas faced early marriage and suffer malnutrition and discrimination in getting proper education and health care, the report stated.
Likewise, the report said poverty and high unemployment led at least 300,000 documented workers to migrate abroad, while many of them were trafficked for forced labour and deceived about payments and working condition.
Though the Nepal has introduced some laws to protect migrant labourers, it has failed to monitor the recruiting agencies properly and rarely prosecuted those who violated the Foreign Employment Act.
The report further said that those 108 migrant workers were left stranded in Libya without being paid by their employers in 2010 were awarded a partial settlements in April, 2011.
Meanwhile, a report said that the impunity took place under the name of political consensus and political protection.
To forge political consensus before ministerial elections, UCPN-Maoists signed an agreement with Terai-based party’s to withdraw criminal cases lodged against political leaders, including human rights violation cases committed during the armed conflict, the report stated.
Furthermore, torture and other ill-treatment in police custody remained widespread during the same year. The majority of incidents of torture were perpetrated by the police, said the report.
Out of 989 prisoners, 74 per cent reported being tortured in police custody, added the report.
The report revealed that violation of freedom of assembly; association and expression were increased in the year.
“ Allthough the creation of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission was promised before the investigation into rights violation cases committed during the armed conflict, the process of tabling of the bill at the parliament is yet to be completed, “ the report added.
Likewise, though the freedom of expression was suppressed in around 91 countries over the world, including Nepal in 2011, people continued protesting through street demonstrations, media and internet demanding democracy and justice, it said.
During this period, the government of 101 countries, including Nepal enforced violence, torture and other forms of abuses on their citizen. The torture was perpetrated against those who stood against the government, said the report.